Rugby is a full-contact sport expect a few bumps while playing but with the correct rugby gear, you can minimise the chances of injuries and increase your enjoyment.

The Basics of Rugby – Rugby Gear Here is a Rugby gear list with description of the type of rugby gear you should be looking for.

Rugby union is a physical, full-contact sport – expect a few bumps while playing. But with the correct equipment, you can minimise the chances of injuries, as well as increase your enjoyment of playing the game. And with a little help from this guide, you can get the right protective equipment and footwear to suit your individual needs. Rugby Gear list below:

  • Head protection
  • Mouth Gaurd
  • Upper body protection
  • Rugby shirts
  • Rugby shorts
  • Traditional rugby boots
  • Choosing a pair of boots…
  • Uppers…
  • Screw-in studs…
  • Studs…
  • rugby ball

Players have always used some form of head protection over the years, from full-backs to loosehead props.

Rugby union is a full body contact sport, so expect a few bumps and bruises along the way. But since the game turned professional in 1995, strict laws have been implemented about the use of protective equipment on the field of play. Ever since October 2000, The International Rugby Board (IRB), the game’s governing body, must approve any form of head protection. Helmets are usually made from light plastic materials capable of withstanding high impact, often used by front row forwards to prevent blows to the head and damage to their ears. The most important thing to remember if you want to wear head protection is to make sure it is comfortable – otherwise it will cause yourself unnecessary pain and injury.

If you are a front row forward, make sure the cap will not cause you any problems in the scrum. If you can, scrum down with a friend when you are trying on different models.

Mouth Gaurd is the most important piece of protective equipment a rugby player should own.

You’ve seen pictures of rugby players missing various teeth. You don’t want to join them, do you? The gum shield not only protects your teeth and gums during physical contact, it can reduce damage around the jaw and incidences of concussion. As every mouth is different, so every gum shield should be moulded to fit perfectly around the top half of a player’s mouth. The best way of doing this is to go and see your dentist, who will ensure the shield is right for your mouth.

The other type of gum shield widely available is the “boil in the bag” variety which is moulded using hot water. Place the warm shield in your mouth and suck on it for three minutes until it has moulded to the shape of your upper teeth. Be careful though, as an eager mouth will inevitably end up being a burned mouth.

Upper body protection is a relatively new introduction into rugby union ever since the dawn of the professional era.

Designed to withstand the physical intensity of modern day rugby union, upper body protection is becoming increasingly popular among backs as well as forwards. Like headgear, all upper body protection must be approved by the IRB. It should be made of thin materials and must be worn under a player’s jersey. The actual padding must cover the shoulder and collar bone only and can be no thicker than one centimetre when uncompressed. Again comfort is the most important factor when considering upper body protection. Make sure it fits you well, otherwise it will be extremely uncomfortable on the field of play, as well as increasing your chance of serious injury. But remember, wearing body protection doesn’t mean you are invincible and can do things others rugby players can’t – you’ll do yourself more damage to yourself if you think like that.

Rugby shirts need to be able to withstand heavy tugging and pulling.

They also need to be lightweight, comfortable and durable – all at the same time. Traditionally, jerseys were made from cotton, which would often get very heavy if it was raining. But technology has seen the introduction of various new lightweight water-resistant, synthetic fibres in modern jerseys. Although your rugby team/school will provide your jerseys for competitive matches, it is worth buying one for training. Make sure you get the right fit – too small and it will rip, too big and it will affect your performance. They are also becoming a fashion item, increasingly worn with jeans. However, it is entirely up to you if you want to wear your school jersey outside of school hours.

Rugby shorts are traditionally made from cotton, designed to withstand the rigours of rugby union.

Second row forwards may want to invest in a pair of lineout shorts, a relatively new introduction in rugby union. They have reinforced stitching and stripes on the inside to improve lifting in the line out. Again, shorts should be comfortable – tight shorts are not only embarrassing, but also increase the chances of sustaining a serious injury.

Traditional rugby boots are very similar to football boots, but their most distinguishing feature is a high cut designed to give extra support to the ankle. However, more and more players are tending to favour football style boots, especially backs, who favour the low cut for extra mobility. So it is important to understand what position you are playing before you make a decision on what kind of rugby boot you want to play in.

Choosing a pair of boots…

Be more concerned with finding boots that fit you than those which may look the flashiest. A player will stand out because of their ability rather than the boots they are wearing. It is important to first of all understand the shape of your feet and your running style. Knowing whether you are flat-footed or have a high arch should have a bearing when you come to deciding which boot to purchase. Ideally rugby boots will fit snugly, although during teenage years with feet still growing it is advisable to allow some room to compensate. Also, different players prefer different fits. As forwards rely on lower body strength to provide the power in scrums, rucks and mauls, they need additional support around the ankle for extra protection to help prevent foot injuries. Kickers prefer a right fitting boot because it gives them a better feel for the ball, while props will favour a high ankle cut for extra support in scrums. It is also advisable to wear the same style socks you will be wearing on the pitch when you are trying on a boot for size.

Leather and synthetic boots are both available in an expanding market. There are advantages with each and you should make your own judgement by trying both. Leather moulds itself to the shape of your feet but can stretch out of shape in wet conditions. Synthetic boots are often lighter and less expensive. Try and find soft uppers, this will prevent potential injuries – you may even find that a boot that combines leather and synthetics is best for you.

Screw-in studs…

This type of boot tends to be popular because it offers a player the opportunity to adjust their footwear depending on the conditions. If the pitch is particularly muddy then it is a good idea to use a longer set of studs, changing to shorter studs on a drier day. And an extra set of studs can be purchased far cheaper than another pair of boots. When changing or tightening studs it is a good idea to apply a bit grease to the thread to prevent rusting.

As rugby is a full contact sport, wearing the wrong kind of studs can do you – or a member of the opposition – a lot of harm. That’s why all studs must conform to a certain standard set by the International Rugby Board (IRB). Referees will check whether your boots have any sharp edges or ridges, but it is also your duty as a responsible rugby player to ensure your boots and studs are properly maintained.

A good quality rugby ball will help you improve your handling and kicking skills on and off the field.

Traditionally, rugby balls were made hand-stitched leather. But it would often get very heavy when it was raining, making it very difficult to handle in slippery conditions. However, modern technology has seen the introduction of sophistcated waterproof synthetic materials which make the ball easier to handle in wet and muddy conditions. Ensure your ball is properly pumped full of air before you start practising your passing, catching and kicking on your own or with a team-mate Via

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